The issue regarding the prevention of chronic diseases has been confronted bravely by various worldwide bodies. Eventually, various prevention approaches have been adopted across the globe. The wide range of activities adopted includes promotion of health, descriptive epidemiology, descriptive and exploratory research, as well as behavioral risk factor surveillance. Here the emphasis lies on the efforts being made to in countries that are economically less developed. The same applies to the efforts being made to address the needs of different subgroups living in economically advanced countries.
Causes of chronic illnesses
Those suffering from chronic illnesses which are termed as non-communicable experience a long latency period which is accompanied by a mix of various causal factors such as prolonged illness, disability, noncontagious origin, and insurability. Most globally incommunicable diseases such as AIDS or polio have chronic characteristics. The financial cost of running this global programs is enormous, and the pose a heavy burden to less developed countries.
During the past 20th century, the number of chronic diseases had superseded that of communicable diseases as the main cause of deaths worldwide. The only areas where it did not emerge top was sub-Saharan Africa and the Middle East. However, within the next 15 years, it is projected that this condition will account for three-quarters of deaths experienced in low-income regions of the planet.
Two important factors to have in mind is the fact that 80 percent of the global population across the planet live in industrializing or non-industrialized countries. Most of these countries experience cases of disability or death that arises from this chronic diseases. The widespread death and disability bring about catastrophic effects on the healthcare infrastructure and other economic developments. Secondly, the poor quality of health services available to the lower income populations in developing and developed countries exacerbates the rising risk of chronic health problems. Particularly key factors such as an aging population and urbanization.
Ways of preventing chronic diseases
Halting your smoking routine can prevent you from getting oral cancer. Anyone with a BMI index of 30 is considered to be overweight. In that respect, this condition is more prevalent and exposes an individual to more risk. Chances of contracting hypertension or type 2 diabetes are ten times more likely in lean individuals than those who are overweight. Urbanization has brought about a drastic reduction in physical activity as motorized transportation has replaced the bicycle or walking.
This has translated into more obese people in society. According to the WHO, some of the most recommended ways of preventing the illness involve drastic lifestyle changes. They are: avoid tobacco smoking, exercise and maintain a healthy weight, maintain daily physical activity and reduce the rate at which you watch television, consume a healthy diet.
Approaches used when tackling chronic diseases
Various strategic approaches have been employed to check prevent the spread of chronic diseases and promote their general health. The categories are the disease-based approach, community-based approach, settings based approach and a population-based approach. Ideally, the most effective way is to combine all these approaches when confronting chronic diseases. Unfortunately, this is impractical in the modern world due to limited resources.